BONSAI CORK

BOTANICAL SHEET OF THE BONSAI

QUERCUS SUBER

cork oak bonsai

Common Name: CORK - Family: FAGACEAE

ORIGIN:

Medium-sized tree with typical thick, suberose bark, native to the Iberian peninsula and North-West Africa. It has persistent, alternate, simple leaves, with a sharp tip, dark green on the upper side and green-grey on the lower side. Much appreciated in the bonsai field for the beautiful bark it presents.

PRUNING:

Shorten the taproot gradually with each repotting, always trying to leave a good part of the root system formed by the capillaries; in the case of drastic transplants, defoliate the plant to avoid high transpiration. Shorten new harvests during the growing season

REPOTTING:

Every 2-3 years in spring, before the buds open, using soil for Mediterranean bonsai with the addition of 10% kanuma to give acidity to the substrate, as the cork oak lives in slightly acidic substrates.

WATERING:

This plant grows in areas with a dry climate, but living in a small pot it likes abundant watering; it is therefore advisable to water it abundantly, allowing the soil to dry between one watering and the next.

FERTILIZATION:

Every 20-30 days from spring to autumn, stopping in midsummer.

EXPOSURE:

Heliophilous plant (sun lover), it must be protected during the winter in cases of temperatures close to 0, and exposed to full sun during the spring-summer. It can also be kept indoors in a very bright place, spray the hair daily .

LIGATURES:

Perform tying from late spring to summer.

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